Buchcover Zeitler Mykene Nürnberg Stonehenge

Aus archäologischen Quellen wissen wir, dass es in der mittleren Bronzezeit Güter- und Ideenaustausch zwischen Großbritannien und Kontinentaleuropa gab. Wie aber fand der Warentransport über längere Strecken statt? Aus den wenigen archäologischen Funden ein zufriedenstellendes Bild des Güteraustausches zu gewinnen ist zwar schwierig, aber einige Funde geben uns einen Einblick in die bronzezeitliche Seefahrt in Großbritannien. Neben einigen einzelnen Planken und Paddeln kennen wir aus der mittleren Bronzezeit die gut erhaltenen Boote von North Ferriby aus dem Fluß Humber nahe Hull und das Boot von Dover.

The investigation of antique trade links has become rather fashionable in recent years. However, while archaeological methods can clarify the question which goods were exchanged between which cultures, it is by no means clear whether such an exchange of goods is to be interpreted as evidence for “trade”, nor is it even obvious what exactly we mean by the term “trade” when we use it to describe ancient societies.

The archaeological evidence in Pompeii can give us some information about oriental or mystery cults, mainly the cults of Isis and of Dionysos. There are different types of archaeological sources which differ in the kind of information they can provide us with. Paintings and mosaics give us an pictorial impression of some aspects of the religious live and therefore help to complete written sources. Their interpretation, however, is often not without ambiguities. Furthermore, the architectural remains, in particular the size and design of buildings related to religious ceremonies, can give us background information about some sociological and economic aspects, e.g. how widespread certain cults were.